Pahala (Hawaiian: Pāhala) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Hawaii County, Hawaii, United States. The population was 1,356 at the 2010 census.
Pahala is located in the southern part of the island of Hawaii at 19°12′15″N 155°28′44″W / 19.204109°N 155.479005°W / 19.204109; -155.479005. Hawaii Route 11 forms the southeast border of the community. The highway leads northeast 52 miles (84 km) to Hilo and southwest 12 miles (19 km) to Naalehu. The main entrance to Hawaii Volcanoes National Park is 23 miles (37 km) to the northeast of Pahala on Route 11.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 0.85 square miles (2.2 km), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,378 people, 443 households, and 334 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,635.9 people per square mile (633.4/km²). There were 487 housing units at an average density of 578.1 per square mile (223.8/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 8.78% White, 0.07% Native American, 47.68% Asian, 10.45% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 32.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.31% of the population.
There were 443 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.6% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.08 and the average family size was 3.51.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 21.0% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.6 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $30,243, and the median income for a family was $31,548. Males had a median income of $25,375 versus $21,023 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $11,450. About 17.9% of families and 24.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.8% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.