Kāneʻohe is a census-designated place (CDP) included in the City and County of Honolulu and located in Hawaiʻi state District of Koʻolaupoko on the island of Oʻahu. In the Hawaiian language, kāne ʻohe means “bamboo man”. According to an ancient Hawaiian story a local woman compared her husband’s cruelty to the sharp edge of cutting bamboo; thus the place was named Kāneʻohe or “Bamboo man”. The population was 34,597 at the 2010 census. Kāneʻohe is the largest of several communities along Kāneʻohe Bay and one of the two largest residential communities on the windward side of Oʻahu (the other is Kailua). The commercial center of the town is spread mostly along Kamehameha Highway.
Kaneohe is located at 21°24′33″N 157°47′57″W / 21.40917°N 157.79917°W / 21.40917; -157.79917 (21.409200, -157.799084). Nearby towns include Kailua to the east, reached either by Kāneʻohe Bay Drive (State Rte. 630) or Kamehameha Highway (State Rte. 83), the former also providing a connection to Marine Corps Base Hawaii, and the latter connecting to Interstate H-3 and (at Castle Junction) Pali Highway (State Rte. 61) to Honolulu. Likelike Highway (State Rte. 63) runs southwest over and through the Koʻolau to Honolulu. Likelike provides connections to Kahekili Highway and Heʻeia, and H-3 southbound to Hālawa. The first three exits on the windward side of Interstate H-3 east (north) bound access Kāneʻohe. Following Kamehameha Highway northward from Kāneʻohe (State Rte. 830) leads through Heʻeia to Heʻeia Kea.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 8.5 square miles (22 km), of which 6.6 square miles (17 km) is land and 1.9 square miles (4.9 km) is water. The total area is 22.80% water, consisting of a portion of Kāneʻohe Bay included in the census tract.
As of the 2000 Census, there were 34,970 people, 10,976 households, and 8,682 families residing in Kāneʻohe. The population density was 5,320.7 people per square mile (2,055.1/km²). There were 11,472 housing units at an average density of 1,745.5 per square mile (674.2/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 20.49% White, 0.81% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 38.48% Asian, 11.44% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 27.90% from two or more races. 7.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 10,976 households out of which 32.7% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.9% were non-families. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.5% had someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.14 and the average family size is 3.48.
The population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.
The median income for a household in Kāneʻohe in 2000 was $66,006, and the median income for a family was $71,316. Males had a median income of $40,389 versus $31,504 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $23,476. 6.1% of the population and 4.4% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 7.3% of those under the age of 18 and 4.2% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.