ʻĀinaloa or Ainaloa is a census-designated place (CDP) in Hawaiʻi County, Hawaiʻi, United States, and is located in the District of Puna. The population was 1,910 at the 2000 census. The population had increased to 2,965 as of the 2010 census.
ʻĀinaloa is located on the eastern side of the island of Hawaiʻi at 19°31′33″N 154°59′38″W / 19.52583°N 154.99389°W / 19.52583; -154.99389 (19.525819, -154.994022). It is bordered to the west by Hawaiian Acres, to the north by Orchidlands Estates, and to the northeast by Hawaiian Paradise Park. It is 15 miles (24 km) south of Hilo.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.1 km), all of it land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,965 people in 1,005 occupied households residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,647.2 people per square mile (644.6/km²). There were 1,165 housing units at an average density of 647.2 per square mile (253.3/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 28.8% White, 0.6% African American, 0.5% Native American & Alaska Native, 14.4% Asian, 14.7% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 39.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.0% of the population.
There were 1,005 households out of which 38.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them. The average household size was 2.95.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 30.6% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 16.0% from 25 to 34, 19.3% 35 to 49, 17.2% from 50 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females, there were 102.7 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP for the year 2000 was $25,698, and the median income for a family in 2000 was $37,647. Males in 2000 had a median income of $26,855 versus $26,518 for females. The per capita income for the CDP in 2000 was $11,109. About 27.2% of families and 36.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.9% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over.